Deutschlicious: German Schweinhaxe Explained

Our Berlin correspondent Steen Hanssen and Hawaii based photographer Urs Kuckertz team up to explain the marvelous German tradition of eating volleyball sized roast pork knuckles.
By Steen Hanssen – Photo By Urs Kuckertz

Haxe By Urz Kuckerts Honest Cooking

Ten years ago in a cosy medieval tavern in the Heidelberger Altstadt, I had my first Haxe, it was a Schweinhaxe. Though I have long forgotten the conversations, names and faces of those I dined with, the image of the Haxe remains crystal clear. So does the beautiful settings of Heidelberg with the renaissance castle ruins overlooking the old city on a forested hillside across the river Neckar connected by an old bridge originally constructed by the Romans in the first century AD.

It was here in the German region of Baden-Württemberg that I was served a roasted pork shank the size of a volleyball coated with crispy pork cracklings with potato puree & Sauerkraut, and of course a delicious Weizenbier to help flush down all the divine goodness. The portion looked like it could have fed a small village and my first reaction, besides mild disbelief, was a sudden panic that I’d soon embarrass myself by not being able to finish it off. But I did, and to this day Schweinshaxe is the embodiment of what I love about Germanic food.

Schweinshaxe is primarily associated with the Bavarian cuisine and is a piece of moist juicy pork encased in crackling skin traditionally served with mustard, Knödel (bread and potato dumpling) or potato puree. It has become a obligatory dish at Oktoberfest and is found on the menus of most traditional German restaurants. The Haxe is a pork cut located between the elbow/knee and the ankle. This particular cut, also known as fore shank, pork knuckles or ham shank, is characterised by being layered with a thick coat of fat that when roasted turns into über-delicious pork cracklings. For home cooking, the Haxe cut is relatively cheap, enabling you to try out different cooking methods, including experimenting with the challenging  art of brining to greatly enhance texture and flavor.

In Berlin the exact same cut of pork is traditionally prepared cured and cooked until the meat almost falls off the bone. Berliners call it Eisbein (ice bone/leg) and typically serve it with Sauerkraut and Erbspüree (pureed peas). With Eisbein, you’ll have to trade off the pork cracklings for an even more juicy and tender meat experience. When approaching Eisbein one has to peal of the fat cooked skin, which you would normally not eat, before accessing the moist meat. As with many other German dishes sometimes obscure and colorful stories are associated with them. For Eisbein one tale claims that its name originates from an old tradition whereby children would attach the leftover pork knuckle bones under their footwear to function as ice skates: hence the name ice-leg; this sounds a bit far fetched, if you ask me.

If the thought of consuming a full Haxe with side orders seems a bit overwhelming some restaurants do offer a halfhaxe and it is also legitimate to simply share a full portion. Should you be unable to finish off your Haxe, the left over meat is ideal for making Sülze, a delicious dish where meat is preserved in gelatin like broth and served as a cold cut. Also the broth, from the up to five hours of slow cooked Eisbein, is very rich in pork flavor and I usually freeze the broth in small ice cube blocks for later use. Needless to say that any premium quality Bavarian style Weizenbier should be served with your Schweinshaxe or Eisbein.

9 Comments
  1. Oh I love love love pork shanks (as they’re called in England!) They are so meaty and tasty – you get tender meat and crispy crackling all in one super, cheat cut! They are maddeningly hard to get hold of, even in the capital, and a lot of younger butchers don’t even understand what you’re asking for, as they’re often removed along with the trotters before the carcass even leaves the abattoir.

  2. Great article, very good researched and explained.
    I am from Germany and living in Kansas City since over two years. I haven’t had Schweinshaxe for a long time, now I miss it. Thank you for that. :o)

  3. I would love to learn how to cooking the so delicious german haxe, since all my family louves this germanlicious!!! Every Time wehen we Travel to Germany we can not reisist to this wonderfull Spezialität ! Danke schön !!!

    Ana Maria

  4. I ordered it in Dusseldorf, twice, at the Fox and … something or other. I was given the choice of boiled or roasted (I chose roasted) and it was served on a bed of Rotkohl with Knoedel. My fondest gastronomical memory of Germany. A revelation!

  5. This article was extremely helpful for an AP human geography project I have been working on and I would highly recommend this site to anyone whom it would be applicable.

  6. Im not clear on the fat content of eisbein. Most say its lean with lots of connective tissue, that white jelly around the meat and under the crispy skin. But little fat. The connective tissue just looks like fat. Is this true?

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