This buttermilk spice cake is a beautiful holiday treat. Follow Bowen’s solid baking tips to learn how to create delicious cakes all season long.
By Bowen Close
As with pie crusts, cakes have been the topic of hundreds of tips and tricks and anxiety-causing instructional manuals. And as with pie crusts, I’ll attempt to clear up some of it here (while admittedly adding to the fray).
This recipe is a classic butter cake, all of which generally follow the same process (once I realized this pattern, recipes became a lot easier to understand and I started seeing infinite possibilities for adapting and adding new flavors):
- Cream butter and sugar
- Add eggs and vanilla
- Alternate adding dry ingredients and liquid (usually milk or buttermilk)
Other cakes use oils, yogurt, sour cream, or other ingredients as fats or liquids, and it’s important to note that all of these various ingredients aren’t necessarily interchangeable – like with most baking, cakes are an intricate series of chemical reactions and well-balanced ingredients. (If you ever have questions about adapting cake recipes or how you might make a cake with a particular flavor, contact me!)
When I bake a cake or when I teach students about cake baking, here are things I keep in mind. No one of these items will cause your cake to be a disaster, but together they help make your cake the best it can be!
- Get your oven temperature right Even on the newest ovens, things can be a little off. One of the first things I tell my students to get for their kitchens is an oven thermometer! I know that my home oven is around 15-20 degrees cooler than it thinks it is, so I always heat my oven to a higher temperature (370 degrees for the cake recipe below). Most ovens also take much longer than they think to heat to the desired temperature – don’t believe the beep. Some ovens can take an extra 20 minutes longer than the beep to get to the right temperature – that’s half the baking time for this cake!
- Bring ingredients to room temperature Butter is most important here because it needs to be softened in order to cream it, but having your eggs, buttermilk, and other refrigerated ingredients at room temperature will help them integrate more fully into the batter and keep your butter from getting too cold. (Pro tip: in a pinch, cold butter can be mostly beaten into submission with a stand mixer or electric hand mixer.)
- Cream the butter and sugar the right way When a recipe says to “cream” butter and sugar until “light and fluffy,” this means something fairly specific – beat on as high a speed you can without it splattering all over the room, for upwards of 5 minutes. Yes, really that long. This is an integral step that will keep your cake tender, because all those grains of sugar are carving pockets of air in the butter that are integral in the cake batter rising as it bakes. The butter lightens as it’s creamed because of all those bajillions of miniscule air pockets.
- Measure flour correctly A cup of packed flour is very different than a cup of fluffy, aerated flour. Measuring by weight is always best, but I know it’s not always practical. Two options: fluff up the flour in your bag or container before dipping your measuring cup in, OR use a large spoon or smaller measuring cup to scoop flour into the measuring cup you’re using. Make sure to use a knife or other flat item to scootch excess flour off the top of the cup, and don’t pack the flour or tap it on the counter to settle it.
- Don’t overwork the batter Cream the heck out of the butter and sugar, but once the flour is incorporated into your batter, use a very light hand! I usually stop the mixer while there’s still a bit of dry ingredient left unincorporated, then finish those bits with a rubber spatula before scraping the batter into the pans. The more you mix something with flour, the more the gluten strands develop – lovely in bread (this is why you knead bread dough), but not so great in your tender, soft cake.
- Rotate pans during baking Even some of the best ovens can have hot spots or inconsistent temperature. Rotate the pans halfway through baking, especially if you have the pans on different oven racks.
- Don’t over-bake Over-baking is an easy way to turn a beautiful, tender cake into a dry one. When you take the cakes out of the oven, they and the pans they’re in are still piping hot, which means they continue to bake a bit after they emerge from the heat. If you take cakes out when they’re done, they may overbake while you assume they’re innocently cooling on the counter. I like to test cakes by lightly pressing a fingertip right in the center – if the depression mostly springs back after I press, I’ll take the cakes out.
Bowen Close believes that food should make people happy and healthy, and loves bringing together people with creative, delicious food made from the heart. She loves making farm-inspired, flavorful dishes with sustainable ingredients - whether that's a big plate of roasted veggies, a towering chocolate layer cake, or a cocktail utilizing backyard ingredients - and collects recipes and other food-related stories on her website, Bowen Appétit. She is a chef, cooking instructor, and food writer living in Southern California with her husband and fully stocked pantry.