Now Reading
Deliciously Unexpected: Sardine and Fennel Pasta

Deliciously Unexpected: Sardine and Fennel Pasta

Sara Clevering with a pasta that is as delicious as it is unexpected – Sardine and Fennel Penne.
By Sara Clevering

I know this is going to be a hard sell, but bear with me.  Might I suggest, the next time you are in the store, not to breeze by the canned sardines? Now, before you wrinkle your nose (and if you are wondering, yes I did develop a taste for these when I was pregnant), let me point out the following.

– As a fatty fish, sardines are high in omega-3s, calcium (don’t buy them de-boned, as unlike many fish you can eat the bones)  and are one of the only food sources of vitamin D.

– As a small fish, low on the food chain, sardines are generally low in mercury.

– As a small fish that reproduces rapidly, sardines are sustainable.

It’s the trifecta!  But wait, folks, there’s more:  they are, in stark contrast to most of your pescatarian options, cheap. Now, I’m perfectly content to pop open a can and eat on a slice of toasted bread when I’m too busy/tired/lazy to cook.  But I’ll up the ante and provide you with a more elegant way to enjoy these.

See Also
French Spaghetti with Anchovies and Piment d'Espellete

Sardines and fennel are a classic combination in Sicilian cooking:  a delicious, if possibly unexpected, pairing.  The two flavors work well together:  the clean, almost licorice flavor of the fennel brightens the fatty fish, and throwing in a few fennel seeds just enhances this combination.   While you might ideally use fresh sardines, I’ve modified the recipe to use the more readily available, canned variety.  This results in a recipe that is very pantry-friendly (especially if using fennel bulbs).

You can use one or two cans of sardines as you prefer (I probably don’t need to tell you my preference).  I order my sardines in bulk from Vital Choice , whose cans are packed full of meaty fillets, but you can of course grab them at the grocery store.


clock clock iconcutlery cutlery iconflag flag iconfolder folder iconinstagram instagram iconpinterest pinterest iconfacebook facebook iconprint print iconsquares squares iconheart heart iconheart solid heart solid icon

Sardine and Fennel Pasta

  • Author: Sara Clevering
  • Total Time: 35 minutes
  • Yield: 4 1x


  • 1/4 c (60mL) olive oil
  • 1 small onion or several shallots
  • 2 c fennel tops (approximately 3 ounces/ 80g) or chopped fennel bulbs (approximately 6 ounces/170g) or a combination; approximately 1-2 bulbs, exact measurements are not critical.
  • 1 28 oz (800g) can of whole tomatoes
  • 1 t fennel seed
  • 2 cans (about 8 ounces or 225g) of bone-in sardines, packed in olive oil
  • Salt and pepper to taste
  • 1lb (500g) penne or other pasta


  1. Put a pot of water to boil for the pasta.
  2. Heat the olive oil until shimmering in the pan. Finely chop the onions and saute until the begin to soften. If using fennel bulbs, chop fine and add with the onions. When the onions are soft, roughly chop the fennel fronds (if using) and add to the pan and cook until they brighten in color.
  3. Drain the tomatoes and roughly chop. Add to the pan along with the fennel seed. Bring to a boil, then lower to a simmer for 5-10 minutes. Add the sardines and heat through. Add salt and pepper to taste but be careful as canned sardines are briney already.
  4. Meanwhile cook the pasta and drain. Stir in the sauce and serve.


If you can find fresh fennel with full leafy tops still attached, you can use the fronds and the thinner stalks for this recipe, and use the bulbs for something else. Otherwise, use the bulbs and chop them fine.
I’ve deliberately kept this simple, but you can make this even more traditionally Sicilian in any of the following ways:
–Add a few anchovies and cook for 30 seconds just before adding the tomatoes.
–Add saffron or currants soaked in hot water along with the fennel seed and tomatoes.
–Add toasted pine nuts or fried bread crumbs as a garnish.

  • Prep Time: 10 mins
  • Cook Time: 25 mins
View Comments (6)
  • Although I am primarily vegetarian I am actually pescatarian and eat seafood on occasion. I think this dish has a wonderful flavor profile that I would really enjoy…

  • We have this every year for St. Joseph’s Feast Day, March 19th. Your recipe is straight and awesome. So happy it’s making its way to the mainstream. LOVE PASTA CON SARDE FINOCCHIO!

  • One other thing… take an anchovy, saute in a drop of olive oil in a frying pan….then add unseasoned breadcrumbs and toast on the stove top. This “sand” is what you use to top the pasta. Enjoy.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Recipe rating 5 Stars 4 Stars 3 Stars 2 Stars 1 Star

Scroll To Top