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Croatian Walnut Roll

Croatian Walnut Roll

Croatian Walnut roll recipe

A beautiful and rich Croatian Walnut Roll, a traditional Holiday treat from the Balkans.
By Tamara Novacoviç


Walnut and poppy seed rolls have always been a beloved staple in traditional Croatian cuisine. The practice of making this sweet dough filled with scented ingredients dates a long way back and the tradition has kept throughout Croatia. The usual season for rolls like this one is definitely Christmas time.

There’s a lot involved in making this, but you just need to get the hang of it and feel the dough properly. This dough needs enough time for resting and doubling in volume, don’t rush it. It needs to be done twice. I definitely recommend making the dough on the softer side. After baking, it needs to be light and fluffy. Make sure that the filling is not too dry or too liquid, as the dough won’t bake properly. There are a couple of things to consider here, but working with this type of sweet and rich, buttery dough is very rewarding. Not to mention the beautiful flavor spreading throughout your house as you bake it. For me, it’s always a reminder of my childhood days and beautiful times when family would gather around Christmas table and my grandma would bake walnut roll. I will always try to keep this tradition alive. I made this roll slightly different than the usual shape. I formed it into a circle, imitating a wreath.

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Croatian Walnut roll
A beautiful and rich Croatian Walnut Roll just in time for your Holiday table.
Recipe Type: Dessert
For the dough
  • 1 package dry yeast
  • 1.7 oz (50 g) sugar
  • 17.6 oz (500 g) all-purpose flour
  • pinch of salt
  • 1 egg
  • 2.1 oz (60 g) butter
  • 1 cup (250 ml) lukewarm milk
  • zest of 1 lemon
For the filling
  • 17.6 oz (500 g) walnuts
  • ⅕ cup (50 ml) dark rum
  • 1 tbsp vanilla extract
  • 1 tsp grated orange zest
  • ½ tsp cinnamon
  • 1 cup (250 ml) boiling milk
  • 8.8 oz (250 g) sugar
  1. First, make the dough. It's important for all the ingredients to be at room temperature. Combine yeast with lukewarm milk, some sugar and a pinch of flour and let it sit in a warm place for 5-10 minutes. Sift flour with salt, add the remaining sugar and yeast mixture. Add egg, butter (not melted, but room temperature) and finely grated lemon zest. Knead to form the dough. It should be on the softer side. Cover with clean kitchen towel and rest until doubled in size (about 2 hours). Then knead it slightly and roll out into a rectangle on lightly floured surface.
  2. For the filling, combine ground walnuts with cinnamon, orange zest, sugar, vanilla, rum and boiling milk into a paste. Spread it evenly over rolled out dough and roll it to form a log. Start rolling from the longer side of the rectangle. Shape into a circle and press two sides to stick them together. Cut surface into several places. Place onto a baking sheet lined with parchment paper and let rise again, for about 30 minutes.
  3. Preheat oven to 356 F (180 C). Bake for about 40 minutes. Before baking, you can brush it with some melted butter or whisked egg.
  4. Dust with powdered sugar. Let cool and cut into pieces.

View Comments (2)
  • Hi Tamara,
    I was wondering if you have heard of a cookie that looks like a crescent made with yeast and lard, but is filled with walnuts egg whites and sugar? The left over filling is used to make nut roll that looks identical to yours! My great grandma was from Grabrovnica. All of the women in my family make these cookies. We don’t know what to call them,so we call them ‘Croatians’.

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