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Check out this detailed tutorial on how to roast a whole beef tenderloin, the favorite filet mignon, complete with wine pairings and multiple serving ideas.
When I used to work as a personal chef, a big part of my job was catering small, intimate dinner parties ranging anywhere from 2 to 20 guests. Before the event, the host and I would work together to create a menu that would please everyone at the table. Nine times out of ten, that meant I was cooking beef for dinner and something chocolate for dessert. No matter how many unique and interesting entree options I suggested, filet mignon was always what people wanted me to serve.
It is, after all, a people pleaser. Unless you avoid red meat altogether, chances are you’ll be happy with a big, juicy hunk of beef tenderloin on your plate. I always opted to roast the loin whole as opposed to cooking individual steaks, which has way more room for error. When you’re cooking the entire meal yourself, and you have a limited supply of an expensive protein, ease and accuracy are essential.
A whole roasted beef tenderloin feels fancy because it is fancy, making it ideal for serving on special occasions like the holidays. Knowing how to properly roast a whole beef tenderloin is something that’s great to have in your back pocket for any kind of entertaining. It’s elegant, but approachable, and always gets rave reviews from the crowd.
So here it is: My detailed tutorial on how to select, trim, tie, roast, cut, and serve a whole beef tenderloin, aka filet mignon, followed by several serving suggestions and wine pairings. Feel free to comment with any questions or concerns you may have. I want you to go into this feeling confident and able. You got this!
Let’s first address the elephant in the room: Yes, this is a very pricey piece of meat. A whole beef tenderloin can run you anywhere from $60-$300 depending on the size, quality, time, and place of purchase. The average cost for a whole, untrimmed USDA Choice Angus beef tenderloin usually falls roughly between $10-$20/lb, again, depending when and where you purchase it. When you get into the organic, grass-fed, or Prime category, expect to pay a lot more. Catch them on sale, and you can pay considerably less. In fact, the days right after Christmas is when you’ll usually find whole tenderloins on sale, making them a great option for New Years Eve.
How much? I bought this 7.09 lb loin (which is on the small side) at my local Shoprite supermarket for $12.99/lb, for a total of $99.19. After trimming, that will feed about 6-8 hungry people, or more if served as part of a buffet with other food. You’ll want to budget about 1 lb per person before trimming if serving at a sit-down dinner, and slightly less if part of a buffet. I always err on the side of more, as I’d rather have leftovers than not enough.
To trim or not to trim? Some folks choose not to trim and tie their roast, but I’m a firm believer in doing it. The upside to roasting untrimmed is that it looks bigger and ultimately will feed more people, but the downside is that most people will wind up trimming the fatty parts off themselves, leaving good meat on the plate and essentially wasting the hard-earned money you spent on this precious hunk of beef.
Trimming the meat will leave you with a much smaller loin to work with, but I find it cooks more evenly and results in consistently round, extremely meaty pieces of steak with virtually nothing to cut off. When entertaining, I find this to be especially important because it means no one is forced to awkwardly spit out a bunch of fat and connective tissue into your fancy cloth napkins.
But what about all those trimmings? Well, my friends, this was perhaps my favorite part of always serving fillet mignon in my catering days. I would keep all the trimmings and then grind them into the best damn burger meat on the planet. It’s very fatty, very flavorful, and very delicious. You can freeze the trimmings and save them for a later date, as chances are you’ll hit your red meat quota for a little while. Pro Tip: Meat grinds easier when it’s partially frozen.
Trimming can seem a little bit intimidating, especially when dealing with such an expensive protein, but I promise it’s really not that hard. Allow me to walk you through it.
*Before we get started, it’s worth mentioning that you can always ask your butcher to do all of this for you, including grinding up the trimmings. Sometimes they will charge a fee for this, but a lot of the time they won’t (always ask first). Personally, I like to be in control so I do it myself, but sometimes you just don’t have the time or patience, and there is absolutely no shame in having your butcher do the heavy lifting. This is their job, after all.
First, remove the meat from the packaging. I do this over the sink because there’s often a lot of liquid that comes out. Give it a rinse if you wish, and then pat it very dry with several paper towels.
Next, locate the chain. The chain is a long piece of meat, fat, and connective tissue that runs down the side of the loin. You can see a noticeable separation between the main, round section of meat and the more marbled, sinewy section to the side. We need to take that off.
You should be able to separate it with your fingers and actually pull it off completely. Use your knife to help as needed. Don’t throw it out! Save all these trimmings in the freezer for enjoying at a later date.
Now we need to take off that silver skin, which is exactly what it sounds like. It’s impossible to chew through and really takes away from the eating experience. This part can be a bit tricky, but just take your time. Use the sharpest knife you own, turn the blade away from you, angle it slightly up, and slice along the very top of the meat, being careful to take as little of the flesh underneath as possible.
You’ll find that the silver skin continues down into the meat around the fat end of the loin. Use your knife to get in there and trim it out as best as possible without hacking it up too much. It’s okay to leave a little bit behind, but do the best you can.
You’ll notice that one side is significantly thicker than the other. That’s okay. Chances are that everyone at your gathering will like their steak cooked a little differently, so the thinner end will become more well-done and the thicker end more rare, making it perfect for all parties.
However, if everyone demands their steak at the exact same temperature, you have a few different options. You can either cut the loin into two pieces and roast them separately, or you can tuck the skinny side under (before tying) to create a more consistent width throughout.
Next, tie it up. Tying the loin is important to keep it nice and compact so that it roasts evenly (even roasting is something you’ll hear me mention a lot). There are all kinds of different techniques for tying a roast, but I find just keeping it simple is the best way. Take some butchers twine and loop it around one section, then tighten it to be firm, but not super tight, and tie it in a basic knot. Repeat every few inches.
Now it’s time to season. Again, keep it simple so that the meat can shine. First rub all over with olive oil, then plenty of Kosher salt (do NOT be shy) and freshly cracked black pepper – the fresh part is very important. Let the meat sit like this for at least an hour, and up to over night.
Let’s roast. I’ve messed with different roasting techniques over the years and this is the one I’m currently into. It’s called the “reverse sear” – Low and slow at first, then a quick broil (the sear) at the end to brown the exterior. I find this gives the meat an incredibly juicy and evenly cooked center with a nice crust on the outside.
Time? Forget about it. Rely on temperature only. I can’t stress this part enough: You need – and I mean NEED – a good quality probe thermometer (I like this one) to tell you exactly when your meat is at the perfect temperature. Properly roasting a tenderloin does not come down to sorcery or really even skill. It is all about having the right equipment, which will make your life soo much easier. Why would you spend over $100 on a piece of meat only to guess when it’s finished cooking? Invest in the thermometer and you’ll be so glad you did.
That said, you want to budget at least 2-3 hours for roasting and resting, but time will ultimately depend on the size of your loin.
Let your meat sit out at room temperature for an hour prior to roasting. This will help it to cook more evenly. Preheat the oven to 275 degrees F, then plop the loin on a sheet pan. If the sheet pan is too small, you can cut the tenderloin in half, but try to avoid this if possible so you don’t wind up with extra end pieces (no one really wants those). You can also opt to tuck that tail piece under and tie it it to stay secure.
Insert the thermometer into the center of the meat- not the skinniest part, not the thickest part, but somewhere right in the middle. Make sure the tip of the probe is in the center of the flesh and not near the edge, as this will cause you to undercook the meat. Program the thermometer for your desired temperature, place the sheet pan on the center rack of the oven, close the door, and let it do it’s thing.
Medium rare is the best temperature to shoot for unless your crew likes it different. This is how my friends and family all like it. The skinnier pieces will be a little more well-done and the thicker pieces will be more rare. Everyone wins.
The following temperatures take into account this “reverse sear” cooking technique, which requires broiling after the temperature is taken (otherwise the extreme high heat from the broiler will throw off and damage the thermometer – I know this from experience). These numbers are lower than what you’ll typically see because they account for a little extra cooking during the broiling stage, in addition to the carry-over-cooking that happens while the meat rests. Understood?
Rare: 115-120 degrees F
Medium-Rare: 125-130 degrees F (this is what I recommend)
Medium: 135-140 degrees F
Medium-Well to Well-Done: Don’t waste your money on filet mignon if you’re going to cook it to death. It is what it is. #sorrynotsorry
Once your thermometer tells you that your meat is at the right temperature, remove the probe, then move the pan up to the top rack of the oven and turn on the broiler. At this point, don’t take your eyes off it. Allow the meat to get nicely browned on top, about 30 seconds to 2 minutes, then use a pair of tongs to turn it 1/4 of the way. The goal is to let it brown on all four sides. This will add lots of flavor and give it a more attractive appearance.
*Important Note: DO NOT, I repeat, DO NOT line your pan with parchment paper or else it will burst into flames the minute your turn on that broiler. Again, I know this from experience. Tin foil is okay.
Next: REST. REST. REST. This step is super important. Don’t even think about skipping it. Throw some foil over that bad boy and let him sit for a good 15-20 minutes or more – never less – before slicing. You can always heat it up slightly before serving if need be, but I actually like it when it’s room temperature or just slightly warm.
See! That wasn’t so bad, was it? Now, let’s talk about serving. There are so many ways to serve beef tenderloin, whether it’s for a sit-down dinner, a buffet, or even as an hors d’oeuvre.
Wine Pairing: First things first, a juicy steak dinner requires an elegant wine that can stand up to the bold flavor of the meat. A red wine is really in order, but not something so big that it will overwhelm. This 2015 Russian River Valley Pinot Noir from Sonoma-Cutrer Vineyards is an extremely drinkable and enjoyable wine that pairs well with so many foods, but especially beef tenderloin. It’s round, silky, and makes a perfect match for this lean and tender cut of meat.
Sonoma-Cutrer marries old world Burgundian traditions with new California innovations and techniques to create a catalog of artfully balanced and delicious wines. They can be easily ordered on their website and delivered straight to your door, but they’re also widely available at fine wine and liquor stores. Tours and tastings at their stunning winery are also available if you ever find yourself exploring the Sonoma Valley.
Serving Suggestions: (keep scrolling all the way down for full recipes.)
For a sit-down dinner, you can’t beat the French classic known as bordelaise. It’s a rich sauce made from shallots, red wine, pan juices, and butter. It’s elegant and always a crowd pleaser. Slice the meat into thick steaks, about 1 1/2-2 inches, and serve it with a nice pool of bordelaise right on the plate.
For a buffet, I like to go with something green and bright, like chimichurri. This iconic Argentinian sauce is made with garlic, parsley, vinegar and olive oil. It’s one of our favorites because it really cuts through the meat and wakes up your mouth. Slice the meat into 1/2-inch medallions and serve it with the sauce on the side.
For hors d’oeuvres, I love putting thinly sliced pieces of beef on top of garlic toast, and then smothering them in a creamy horseradish sauce. It’s a classic that everyone loves. You can’t go wrong. It’s also a great way for using up any leftovers (but chances are there won’t be any).
So there you have it. I hope this tutorial was informative and inspiring. Leave all your burning questions in the comments below and I’ll be happy to help troubleshoot if need be. Here’s to the happiest holiday yet – the one that has a whole roasted beef tenderloin and a juicy class of Sonoma-Cutrer Pinot Noir on the table.
- 1 whole beef tenderloin, trimmed and tied
- Olive oil
- Kosher salt
- Freshly cracked black pepper
- Probe thermometer
- 2 teaspoons olive oil
- 4 large shallots, finely chopped
- 2 teaspoons flour
- 2 cups dry red wine
- 3 cups beef tenderloin pan juices and beef stock*
- 2 tablespoons unsalted butter
- 2 medium shallots, minced
- 2-3 large cloves garlic, minced
- ¼ cup red wine vinegar
- ½ cup extra virgin olive oil
- 1 bunch flat leaf parsley, big stems removed, finely chopped
- 1 teaspoon kosher salt
- freshly cracked black pepper, to taste
- 1 baguette, thinly sliced on a bias
- 8 tablespoons salted butter (1 stick)
- 2-3 cloves garlic, minced
- 1½ cups sour cream
- ¼ cup prepared horseradish
- salt, to taste
- ~1 lb roasted and chilled beef tenderloin, very thinly sliced*
- finely chopped fresh chives, for garnish
- Let your meat sit out at room temperature for an hour prior to roasting. Preheat the oven to 275 degrees F, then place the loin on a sheet pan.
- Rub all over with olive oil, then rub generously on all sides with kosher salt and freshly cracked black pepper. Insert a probe thermometer into the center of the meat.
- Roast on the center rack of the oven until your desired internal temperature is reached. Rare: 115-120 degrees F. Medium-Rare: 125-130 degrees F (this is what I recommend). Medium: 135-140 degrees F.
- Remove the probe, then move the pan up to the top rack of the oven and turn on the broiler. Keep a close watch until it's nicely browned on top, about 30 seconds to a minute, then use a pair of tongs to turn it ¼ of the way. Repeat until browned on all 4 sides.
- Remove from the oven, cover with foil, and let rest for at least 15-20 minutes or longer. Slice and serve as desired.
- Heat olive oil in a large saucepan over medium heat. Add shallots with a pinch of salt, then cook until softened and just starting to turn golden, about 10 minutes.
- Stir in flour, then whisk in red wine and beef stock. Bring up to a simmer and cook until thickened and reduced by half.
- Set a fine mesh strainer over another saucepan, then strain the mixture, being sure to press down to extract every last bit of liquid. Taste for seasoning and add more salt and pepper as desired. Whisk in butter, then serve immediately.
- Combine the shallots, garlic, and red wine vinegar in a medium bowl. Let sit for 10 minutes.
- Whisk in the olive oil, parsley, salt, and pepper. Taste for seasoning and adjust as needed.
- Alternatively, this sauce can be made in a food processor.
- Preheat the oven to 325 degrees.
- Melt butter in a small saute pan along with garlic. Arrange baguette slices on a sheet pan, then brush with garlic butter. Bake until lightly golden and crisp, about 15-20 minutes. Let cool.
- Make the sauce by whisking together the sour cream and horseradish. Season with salt to taste.
- Top each piece of garlic toast with 1-2 pieces of thinly sliced beef tenderloin. Finish with a dollop of horseradish sauce and garnish with freshly chopped chives. Serve immediately.