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Ya-Cai and Shiitake Mushroom Noodles

Plant-Based Ya-Cai and Shiitake Mushroom Noodles

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4.8 from 8 reviews

  • Author: Elaine Luo
  • Total Time: 40 minutes
  • Yield: 2 servings 1x


A delicious plant-based twist on traditional Chinese noodle dishes, using ya-cai, finely chopped shiitake mushrooms and red bell peppers to create an umami-rich and flavorful topping. 


Units Scale

For the Noodles

  • 2 portions of fresh or dried dan dan noodles or similar

For the Mushroom Topping:

  • 10 shiitake mushrooms, finely chopped
  • 1 cup bell pepper, finely chopped
  • 2 tablespoons cooking oil
  • 1 inch ginger, peeled and minced
  • 1 teaspoon chili powder
  • 1 cup ya-cai (substitute: pickled vegetables)
  • 1 tablespoon cooking wine (optional, replace with water or broth for vegan)
  • 1 tablespoon light soy sauce

For the Broth:

  • 2 tablespoons soy sauce
  • A pinch of salt
  • 1 teaspoon sesame oil
  • 2 tablespoons sesame paste
  • 1/2 teaspoon sugar
  • 2 tablespoon chili oil (adjust to taste)
  • 1 1/2 cup hot vegetable stock (or water)
  • 1 teaspoon minced garlic
  • 4 tablespoons chopped scallions and coriander


Prepare the Topping:

  1. In a wok, heat 2 tablespoons of cooking oil over medium heat. Sauté ya-cai for a few minutes until aromatic.
  2. Add minced ginger, garlic, and chopped bell peppers to the wok. Sauté for about 1 minute until fragrant.
  3. Add the finely chopped shiitake mushrooms, stirring well. Pour in the cooking wine and light soy sauce. Cook on low heat until the ingredients are well combined and the moisture has mostly evaporated. Set aside.

Prepare the Broth

  1. In a large mixing bowl, create the broth by combining soy sauce, sesame oil, sesame paste, sugar, chili oil, minced garlic, and 1/3 cup of very hot vegetable stock. Carefully mix until combined.
  2. Divide the broth into two individual serving bowls.

Cook the Noodles:

  1. Cook the noodles according to the package instructions until al dente.
  2. Drain the noodles well and reserve some of the noodle cooking water if not using stock.
  3. Add the cooked noodles to the individual bowls.

Top and Serve:

  1. Spoon the shiitake mushroom and pepper topping over the noodles in each bowl.
  2. Garnish with additional chopped scallions and coriander before serving.


  • Substitute ya-cai with pickled mustard greens or finely chopped pickles if unavailable.
  • Adjust chili oil to your preference for heat.
  • If vegetable stock is not available, you can use the reserved noodle cooking water as an alternative; ensure it’s hot when added to the seasoning mix.
  • Prep Time: 15 mins
  • Cook Time: 25 mins
  • Category: Main Course
  • Method: Wok
  • Cuisine: Chinese
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